QS-9000, implemented in 1994 and revised in 1998, is an Industry Specific Standard developed by the big three automotive manufacturers (Ford, GM and Daimler Chrysler), to provide one common quality system for suppliers, not three. QS-9000 has also been adopted as the standard by many truck manufacturers including Mack, Volvo, Freightliner, GM and Navistar.
QS-9000 is a supplement to ISO 9001:1994 with additional requirements for each ISO 9001 element. The objective of QS-9000 is to develop a quality system geared toward continuous improvement, prevention of nonconformance, and scrap and rework reduction at suppliers. QS-9000 is supported by a set of additional manuals issued by the AIAG (PPAP, APQP, MSA, FMEA and SPC).
In April 2002, representatives of the International Automotive Task Force (IATF) and the International Automotive Oversight Bureau (IAOB) announced that QS-9000:1998 will be phased out, no longer being valid after December 15, 2006, and will be replaced with the new ISO/TS 16949:2002 standard. QS-9000 certified companies cannot claim certification to ISO 9001/2:1994 after December 15, 2003 and may need to gain a separate ISO 9001:2000 certificate.
Any new or renewed QS-9000 certificates issued after July 1, 2002 will no longer reference the ISO 9001:1994 or ISO 9002:1994 standards, other than: “Registered to QS-9000:1998 (Based on and including ISO 9001:1994)” or “Registered to QS-9000:1998 (Based on and including ISO 9002:1994)”. All QS-9000 certificates with dates extending beyond December 15, 2003 are supposed to comply with this wording by December 15, 2003.
QS-9000:1998 certificates cannot reference ISO 9001:2000. QS-9000:1998 has not been updated to reflect the ISO 9001:2000 standard and a separate ISO 9001:2000 certification and certificate is required.QS-9000:1998 will no longer be valid after December 15, 2006, and will be replaced by the new ISO/TS 16949:2002 standard.
Initially implemented in 1999 by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), ISO/TS 16949 was developed jointly by the International Automotive Task Force (IATF) as the QS 9000 replacement. The IATF is an international group of automotive manufacturers and national automotive associations represented by General Motors, Ford, Fiat, Daimler Chrysler, Volkswagen, BMW, Peugeot-Citroen and Renault. ISO/TS 16949 forms the requirements or the application of ISO 9001 for automotive production and relevant service part organizations
In April 2002, a new revised standard ISO/TS 16949:2002 was introduced. Companies currently certified to the 1999 version were required to upgrade their systems to the ISO/TS 16949:2002 by December 15, 2003. However, Ford, GM and DaimlerChrysler have agreed to allow their ISO/TS 16949:1999 certified suppliers an additional one-year grace period, allowing these companies until December 15, 2004 to transition from ISO/TS 16949:1999 to the 2002 version.
The ISO/TS 16949 Process Approach
The IATF has mandated a process-based approach to auditing, with an emphasis on meeting the customer”s needs. Organizations may see some changes in methodology in order to more clearly stress the important elements of Customer Oriented Processes including: